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06 September 2014

The Future of Physics

14 August 2014


Yulius Susilo#1, The Houw Liong*2, Ken Ratri Retno Wardhani#3 #Faculty of Informatics Engineering, Institut Teknologi Harapan Bangsa Bandung, Indonesia *Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung Bandung, Indonesia
Abstrak —Permainan backgammon merupakan salah satu permainan tertua yang menggunakan papan dan dimainkan oleh 2 orang. Permainan backgammon berguna untuk melatih taktik, strategi, berhitung, dan menghitung peluang yang terjadi dalam permainan. Algoritma genetika merupakan bentuk model dari matematika dengan cara melakukan suatu simulasi dengan membuat evolusi untuk menyelesaikan berbagai permasalahan optimasi dengan beragam variasi. Pada penelitian menggunakan algoritma genetika dan greedy untuk menentukan langkah terbaik yang dioptimasi dengan pohon pencarian .Algoritma greedy adalah algoritma yang memecahkan masalah langkah demi langkah.Pohon pencarian digunakan untuk menganalisis langkah – langkah lawan dan langkah selanjutnya yang menguntungkan. Berdasarkan penelitian terhadap algortima genetika, algoritma greedy, dan pohon pencarian menunjukkan bahwa tiga metode yang dikombinasikan dapat menghasilkan langkah yang terbaik untuk permainan backgammon dengan tingkat kecerdasan hingga mencapai 70% kemenangan.
Kata kunci —backgammon, algoritma genetika, algoritma greedy, pohon pencarian.
Abstract —Game of backgammon is one of the oldest game that uses a board and is played by 2 players. It is useful to train the backgammon tactics, strategy, counting, and calculating the odds that happens in the game. Genetic algorithm is a form of mathematical models that performs a simulation by making an evolution to solve the optimization problems with different variations. In studies using genetic and greedy algorithm to determine the best steps that are optimized to the search tree. Greedy algorithm is an algorithm that solves the problem step by step and make the best move. Tree is used to analyze the measures of the opponent and other profitable step. Based on the study of genetic algorithms, greedy algorithms, and trees shows that the combination of the three methods can produce the best step for backgammon game with a level of intelligence to achieve a 70% victory.
Keywords—backgammon, genetic algorithm, greedy algorithm, tree.

22 April 2014

Long Term Predictions of Economic Crisis in Indonesia Using System Dynamic Model Optimized by Adaptive Genetic Algorithm

Fajri Umbara, Houw Liong The, Deni Saepudin
ABSTRACT Indonesia experienced economic crisis in 1998 and caused by various reasons. One of the reasons was the weakened value of rupiahs to US dollars. Because of this, investors did not believe rupiahs anymore. This condition also made many private companies in our country collapse caused by highest value of external debt. The fact; however, Indonesia was survived from this crisis. This study attempted to predict in order to avoid economic crisis in Indonesia using monetary crisis and energy crisis prediction as earlier warning for economic crisis. This studied applied a model called System Dynamic Model to develop a model of Indonesian Economic conditions. The data were taken from worldbank and the factors are GDP, External Debt as factors for indicate monetary crisis, and Energy Production and Energy Use as factors to indicate energy crisis. This model was build for 100 years; it is from 1971 until 2070. This study was based on report of "Limit to Growth". Since the system dynamic model applied coefficients called dynamic coefficients, then the method called Adaptive Genetic Algorithm was applied to find the solutions. This adaptive behavior from the genetic algorithm applied fuzzy system. The experiments show that the MAPE value was ranging from 0.08 - 0.22 and accuracy was ranging from 77% - 95% for creating models from historical data. This result showed that the algorithm was capable to find the solutions. From developed model shows that the policy in Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono reign succeed to avoid monetary crisis for 10 - 30 years than policy before Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono reign, meanwhile both policies cannot avoid energy crisis. The government or the future president must create policies about utilization of alternative energy.